The United States faces more than four decades of wage stagnation, near-record economic inequality and significant economic gender gaps, particularly race and ethnicity. To meet these fundamental economic challenges, many more workers need to be able to bargain collectively. Strengthening trade unions and workers` rights, and thus increasing collective bargaining, is essential. But America can do more than just support the construction negotiations, which are underscored by the current industrial relations system in the United States. Policy makers should also support sectoral negotiations in relation to collective bargaining at the construction site level. The creation of collective bargaining with several employers, which takes place at the sectoral or regional level in the United States, requires a number of reforms. Increasing the overall density of trade unions is essential both to support sectoral negotiations and to encourage collective bargaining at the construction site level; Unions need a critical mass of organized workers to be able to negotiate successfully, so it is absolutely necessary to take steps to strengthen trade unions. But more direct support for broader negotiations is also needed, as trade union density has fallen to a historically low level; the modern economy has evolved in a way that gives businesses more opportunities to avoid negotiations; Employers increasingly have the power to set terms and conditions; and the current system discourages sectoral negotiations. It is not enough for a single political change, but a number of cooperative policies can achieve the objective of promoting broader negotiations. Collective agreements are used to supplement legislation or to negotiate scope-specific contracts. The main principle is that collective agreements cannot contain terms that are less than the statutory requirements.
The labour court can therefore rule on both the application of solidarity actions and on the various elements of the collective agreement requirement, such as the limitations of wages, leave and pensions.