Agreement Between Parents For Child

The factors associated with the concordance score were assessed separately by multi-level linear regression for the combined dataset (level 1: country, level 2: school) and separately for each country (level 1: school). The acceptance of normal distribution residues was verified and respected. Next, a multi-step linear regression was performed, which took into account all factors that were significantly associated with concordance in the univariat analysis. Stata version 11 (StataCorp, College Station, TX, USA) was used for all analyses. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Our results show that the match with the age of children is increasing. Children`s cognitive skills evolve with age, that is: the mechanisms of information processes that allow them to occupy, select, represent and react to information, as well as the working memory functions that support the mental representation of information [19]. The lesser concordance found in our study for boys and their parents could be explained by an earlier onset of psychosocial maturation in girls compared to boys [47]. Poor capacity for self-reflection and self-understanding in adolescents has been associated with poor communication with their parents [48].

Similarly, in two previous studies with their parents, girls agreed more than boys on the availability of certain fruits at home [49] and on the frequency of family meals [24]. Girls may also be more likely to provide socially desirable responses than boys and, as a result, their responses may be more consistent with their parents [50]. Support was higher among older parents. Older parents may have more routine and more clearly defined parenting practices. In addition, the child, who has older parents, has an older brother and sister, who could remind him of parenting practices in his family. The increase in the observed concordance between parent-child ratios with a higher level of parental education is consistent with the results of previous studies on the concordance between parent-child relationships on parenting practices [26, 51]. In our study, a higher parental BMI was associated with a lower match. Parents with a higher BMI may apply different parenting practices and may be more inclined to provide socially desirable responses. In an observational study, parents with a higher BMI used more diet control practices and maternal BMI was associated with a more reported than observed limitation in the intake of their children [52]. A significant proportion of parents tend to underestimate their child`s weight [53], especially when children and parents themselves are overweight [54], which could be partly explained by the parental desire not to be considered a bad parent.

However, more research is needed to understand the mechanisms of how parental perception of their child`s weight status influences the concordance between the child and the parent relationship to parenting practices. Our data indicate the existence of underlying cultural factors that we have not assessed. Lehto R, Ray C, Roos E: Longitudinal relationships between family characteristics and measurement of childhood obesity. Int J Public Health. 2012, 57: 495-503. 10.1007/s00038-011-0281-5. Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM, Dietz WH: Establishing a Standard Definition of Childhood Obesity and Obesity Worldwide: An International Survey…

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